Date post: 2017-09-09 10:31
Four years ago, Disunion convened a panel of experts to discuss the outbreak of the Civil War. Now, those experts are back to discuss the war 8767 s end, and its legacy. Read more
Moral Growth: Given that morality is conceptualized as uprightness, it is natural to conceptualize one s degree of morality as physical height, to understand norms for the degree of moral action as height norms, and to therefore see the possibility for 89 moral growth 89 as akin to physical growth. Where moral growth differs from physical growth is that moral growth is seen as being possible throughout one s lifetime.
It is one thing to analyze a moral system and another to criticize it. Criticisms of moral systems are often suspect because they come from within opposing moral systems. I would like to suggest that it is possible in various ways to criticize a moral system on other grounds -- either on structural or empirical grounds. I believe that is is meaningful to speak of moral pathologies, and I will briefly discuss three of them, namely:
Environmentalism: Communion with the environment is part of nurturance, part of the realization of one s potential as a human being. Empathy includes empathy with nature. Caring for children includes caring for future generations. Protection includes protection from pollution. All of these considerations support environmentalism.
At this point, a natural question arises. What gives rise of the cluster of conservative moral metaphors? Why should those metaphors fit together as they do? The answer, interestingly enough, is the family. Conservatives share aN ideal model of what a family should be. I will refer to as the Strict Father Model.
The metaphor of Moral Strength does not occur in isolation. It defines a cluster of other common metaphors for morality that are important in the conservative world view. Here is a list of the others.
In short, the Strict Father model of the family is just plain wrong -- indeed, it is harmful to children -- on its most central points. In fact, if proponents of conservatism have grown up in strict-father families with insecure attachment, then we may have an explanation of conservative rage at the government: It is the rage of the insecurely attached child toward its parents, especially its father.
Morality as Nurturance: Nurturance presupposes empathy. A child is helpless and to care for a child, you have to care about that child, which requires seeing the world through the child s eyes as much as possible. The metaphor of Morality as Nurturance can be stated as follows:
My mother’s death was so wrenching that I applied to medical school to help change the way people die in America. Read more